世界遺產旅歷表41國184處: 2018更新

 

2017年更新: 轉眼間已經四年沒有更新這篇文章。目前世界遺產已經來到1052個。每年增加的速度迅雷不及掩耳,想要拜訪完這件事,這輩子應該是不可能了!

2017年的世界遺產大會在波蘭的Krakow舉辦,目前的世界遺產狀態是這樣:

814 Cultural
203 Natural
35 Mixed
165 States Parties

34 Transboundary
2 Delisted
55 In Danger


World Heritage List

The World Heritage List includes 936 properties forming part of the cultural and natural heritage which the World Heritage Committee considers as having outstanding universal value.

These include
725 cultural 世界遺產旅歷表41國184處: 2018更新 @amarylliss。艾瑪[隨處走走],
183 natural 世界遺產旅歷表41國184處: 2018更新 @amarylliss。艾瑪[隨處走走] and
28 mixed 世界遺產旅歷表41國184處: 2018更新 @amarylliss。艾瑪[隨處走走] properties in 153 States Parties.

As of November 2011, 188States Parties have ratified the World Heritage Convention.

2009年剛記錄這個世界遺產旅歷表時,我才去了44個UNESCO的世界遺產。剛才算了一下,我已經去了69個。這幾年我真的很拼命地在蒐集世界遺產哪!^^

 


2011/6/11 更新

兩年過去,世界遺產(UNESCO)增加了不少個點。我也多去了20個世界遺產,從2009年10個國家的44個UNESCO世界遺產,增加 了10個國家的20個點,變成2011年20個國家64個UNESCO世界遺產。 這兩年的收穫不少喔!

The World Heritage List includes 911 properties forming part of the cultural and natural heritage which the World Heritage Committee considers as having outstanding universal value.

These include

704 cultural 世界遺產旅歷表41國184處: 2018更新 @amarylliss。艾瑪[隨處走走]
180 natural 世界遺產旅歷表41國184處: 2018更新 @amarylliss。艾瑪[隨處走走]
27 mixed 世界遺產旅歷表41國184處: 2018更新 @amarylliss。艾瑪[隨處走走] properties in 151 States Parties

As of June 2010, 187 States Parties have ratified the World Heritage Convention.


2009

2009年四月為止在186個國家中有

679文化世界遺產、
174自然景觀世界遺產、
25自然文化世界遺產。

2009年10月為止,艾瑪去過44個。有空再來慢慢補照片和說明囉….
以後旅行可以以「參觀世界遺產」為目標繼續旅行下去啦!^^

 

統計時間 UNESCO國家 UNESCO景點
2009/6 10 44
2011/6 20 64
2012/5 20 66
2012/9 22 74
2013/9 27 111
2017/6 35 156
2018/6 39 184

括號中是第一次拜訪的的年份

(1) Australia

  1. Great Barrier Reef (visited in 2009)
  2. Kakadu National Park (visited in 2015)
  3. Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park2 (visited in 2015)
  4. Wet Tropics of Queensland (visited in 2015)
  5. Fraser Island (visited in 2015)
  6. Sydney Opera House (visited in 2015)

(2) Austria

  1. Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg (visited in 2010)
  2. Palace and Gardens of Schönbrunn (visited in 2010)
  3. Historic Centre of Vienna (visited in 2010)
  4. Hallstatt-Dachstein / Salzkammergut Cultural Landscape (visited in 2016)

 (3) Belgium

  1. La Grand-Place, Brussels (visited in 2000)
  2. Historic Centre of Brugge (visited in 2000)
  3. Major Town Houses of the Architect Victor Horta (Brussels)
  4. The Four Lifts on the Canal du Centre and their Environs, La Louvière and Le Roeulx (Hainaut) (Visited in 2017)
  5. Belfries of Belgium and France (Visited in 2015)
  6. Notre-Dame Cathedral in Tournai (Visited in 2017)
  7. The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement* (Visited in 2016)

(4) Cambodia

  1. Angkor (Visited in 2013)

(5) China(中國至2011年為止共有41個世界遺產, 2017年增加至50個)

  1. Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor北京故宮12(Visited in 1994)
  2. The Great Wall長城12 (Visited in 1994)
  3. Old Town of Lijiang雲南麗江古城12 (Visited in 1996)
  4. Summer Palace, an Imperial Garden in Beijing北京頤和園11 (Visited in 1994)
  5. Temple of Heaven: an Imperial Sacrificial Altar in Beijing北京天壇11(Visited in 1994)
  6. Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties 明清皇家陵寢 2003(Visited in 1994)
  7. Three Parallel Rivers of Yunnan Protected Areas 雲南三江併流保護區 2003 (Visited in 1996)
  8. Historic Centre of Macao澳門歷史城區 2005 (Visited in 2009)
  9. Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries – Wolong, Mt Siguniang and Jiajin Mountains 四川大熊貓棲息地 2006 (Visited in 2012)
  10. South China Karst中國南方喀斯特 2007(Visited in 1996)
  11. West Lake Cultural Landscape of Hangzhou 杭州西湖 2011 (Visited in 2010)
  12. Classical Gardens of Suzhou (1997,2000)  http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/813 蘇州庭園 (Visited in 2017)
  13. The Grand Canal http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1443 (2014) 大運河 (Visited in 2017)
  14. Kulangsu, a Historic International Settlement (2017) http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1541 (Visited in 2009)

 

(6) Czech Republic (12個世界遺產) << 2013 完攻!

  1. Historic Centre of Prague
  2. Historic Centre of Český Krumlov
  3. Historic Centre of Telč
  4. Pilgrimage Church of St John of Nepomuk at Zelená Hora
  5. Kutná Hora: Historical Town Centre with the Church of St Barbara and the Cathedral of Our Lady at Sedlec
  6. Lednice-Valtice Cultural Landscape
  7. Gardens and Castle at Kroměříž
  8. Holašovice Historical Village Reservation
  9. Litomyšl Castle
  10. Holy Trinity Column in Olomouc
  11. Tugendhat Villa in Brno
  12. Jewish Quarter and St Procopius’ Basilica in Třebíč

(7) Danmark (4個世界遺產,2017新增為8個)

  1. Roskilde Cathedral (Visited in 2013)
  2. Kronborg Castle (Visited in 2013)

(8) Finland

下次造訪赫爾辛基:Fortress of Suomenlinna

(9) France (43個世界遺產 已去20個,2017新增為42個,去過24個)

  1. Chartres Cathedral
  2. Mont-Saint-Michel and its Bay
  3. Palace and Park of Versailles
  4. Amiens Cathedral
  5. Arles, Roman and Romanesque Monuments
  6. Palace and Park of Fontainebleau
  7. Roman Theatre and its Surroundings and the “Triumphal Arch” of Orange
  8. Place Stanislas, Place de la Carrière and Place d’Alliance in Nancy
  9. Pont du Gard (Roman Aqueduct)
  10. Strasbourg – Grande île
  11. Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Former Abbey of Saint-Rémi and Palace of Tau, Reims
  12. Paris, Banks of the Seine
  13. Bourges Cathedral
  14. Historic Centre of Avignon: Papal Palace, Episcopal Ensemble and Avignon Bridge
  15. Canal du Midi
  16. Historic Fortified City of Carcassonne
  17. Historic Site of Lyon
  18. Belfries of Belgium and France
  19. The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes
  20. Provins, Town of Medieval Fairs
  21. Le Havre, the City Rebuilt by Auguste Perret
  22. Episcopal City of Albi
  23. Champagne Hillsides, Houses and Cellars
  24. The Climats, terroirs of Burgundy

 (10) Germany (43個世界遺產,只去過10個。)

  1. Aachen Cathedral
  2. Würzburg Residence with the Court Gardens and Residence Square
  3. Hanseatic City of Lübeck
  4. Palaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin
  5. Cologne Cathedral
  6. Museumsinsel (Museum Island), Berlin
  7. Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar
  8. Upper Middle Rhine Valley
  9. Dresden Elbe ValleyDelisted 2009
  10. Town Hall and Roland on the Marketplace of Bremen
  11. Berlin Modernism Housing Estates

 

 (11) Holy See

  1. Vatican City
  2. Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura

(12) Hungary

  1. Budapest, including the Banks of the Danube, the Buda Castle Quarter and Andrássy Avenue

(13) Iceland

  1. Þingvellir National Park

(14) Italy

  1. Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura * 13
  2. Historic Centre of Florence
  3. Piazza del Duomo, Pisa
  4. Venice and its Lagoon
  5. Historic Centre of San Gimignano
  6. Historic Centre of Naples
  7. Historic Centre of Siena
  8. Archaeological Areas of Pompei, Herculaneum and Torre Annunziata
  9. City of Verona
  10. Costiera Amalfitana
  11. Genoa: Le Strade Nuove and the system of the Palazzi dei Rolli

(15) Ireland

  1. Brú na Bóinne – Archaeological Ensemble of the Bend of the Boyne

(16) Japan (日本17個世界遺產介紹,2018年增加至21個)

  1. Buddhist Monuments in the Horyu-ji Area(1993)
  2. Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu(2000)
  3. Himeji-jo(1993)
  4. Hiraizumi – Temples, Gardens and Archaeological Sites Representing the Buddhist Pure Land(2011)
  5. Hiroshima Peace Memorial (Genbaku Dome)(1996)(visited in 2013)
  6. Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto (Kyoto, Uji and Otsu Cities)(1994)
  7. Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara(1998)
  8. Historic Villages of Shirakawa-go and Gokayama(1995)
  9. Itsukushima Shinto Shrine(1996)(visited in 2013)
  10. Iwami Ginzan Silver Mine and its Cultural Landscape(2007) 島根 石見銀山(visited in 2013)
  11. Shrines and Temples of Nikko(1999)
  12. Yakushima(1993) 屋久島(visited in 2013)
  13. The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement(2016) (visited in 2016)

(17) Korea, Republic of

  1. Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes(2007)  (visited in 2012)
  2. Changdeokgung Palace Complex(1997)  (visited in 2013)
  3. Jongmyo Shrine(1995)   (visited in 2013) 

 (18) Malaysia

  1. Gunung Mulu National Park
  2. Melaka and George Town, Historic Cities of the Straits of Malacca

(19) Malta

  1. City of Valletta
  2. Hal Saflieni Hypogeum
  3. Megalithic Temples of Malta

(20) Mauritius

  1. Aapravasi Ghat
  2. Le Morne Cultural Landscape

(21) Netherlands

  1. Schokland and Surroundings
  2. Defence Line of Amsterdam
  3. Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout
  4. Droogmakerij de Beemster (Beemster Polder)
  5. Rietveld Schröderhuis (Rietveld Schröder House)
  6. Wadden Sea
  7. Seventeenth-Century Canal Ring Area of Amsterdam inside the Singelgracht

(22) Russian Federation

  1. Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments
  2. Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments
  3. Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

(23) Spain

  1. Works of Antoni Gaudí (Visited in 2007)
  2. Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona(Visited in 2018)
  3. Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzín, Granada (1984,1994) (Visited in 2018)
  4. Cathedral, Alcázar and Archivo de Indias in Seville (1987) (Visited in 2018)
  5. Historic City of Toledo(1986) (Visited in 2018)
  6. Historic Centre of Cordoba(1984,1994) (Visited in 2018)
  7. Old Town of Segovia and its Aqueduct(1985)(Visited in 2018)
  8. Renaissance Monumental Ensembles of Úbeda and Baeza(2003)(Visited in 2018)

(24) Sweden

(25) Thailand

  1. Historic Town of Sukhothai and Associated Historic Towns
  2. Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex

(26) Tunisia

  1. Archaeological Site of Carthage

(27) Turkey

  1. Historic Areas of Istanbul

(28) United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland(共28個)

  1. City of Bath(1987)
  2. Frontiers of the Roman Empire(1987)
  3. Ironbridge Gorge(1986)
  4. New Lanark(2001)
  5. Old and New Towns of Edinburgh(1995)
  6. Palace of Westminster and Westminster Abbey including Saint Margaret’s Church(1987)
  7. Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites(1986)
  8. Tower of London(1988)
  9. Giant’s Causeway and Causeway Coast(1986)

 (29) Estonia

  1. Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn

(30) Luxembourg

  1. City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications

(31) Norway

  1. Bryggen
  2. Urnes Stave Church
  3. West Norwegian Fjords – Geirangerfjord and Nærøyfjord

(32) Poland

  1. Historic Centre of Kraków
  2. Auschwitz Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945)
  3. Historic Centre of Warsaw
  4. Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork
  5. Centennial Hall in Wrocław

 (33) Portugal

  1. Monastery of the Hieronymites and Tower of Belém in Lisbon

 (34) Croatia

  1. Historical Complex of Split with the Palace of Diocletian
  2. Old City of Dubrovnik
  3. Historic City of Trogir
  4. The Cathedral of St James in Šibenik 
  5. Plitvice Lakes National Park
  6. Episcopal Complex of the Euphrasian Basilica in the Historic Centre of Poreč

 (35) Greece

  1. Acropolis, Athens

 (36) Canada

  1. Historic District of Old Québec(Visited in 2017)

(37)  Vietnam

  1. Central Sector of the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long – Hanoi(2010) (Visited in 2018)
  2. Citadel of the Ho Dynasty(2011) (Visited in 2018)
  3. Complex of Hué Monuments(1993) (Visited in 2018)
  4. Ha Long Bay(1994,2000)
  5. Hoi An Ancient Town(1999) (Visited in 2018)
  6. Trang An Landscape Complex(2014)

 (38) Lithuania

  1. Vilnius Historic Centre(Visited in 2018)

(39)  Latvia

  1. Historic Centre of Riga(Visited in 2018)

(40)  Peru

  1. City of Cuzco(1983)  (Visited in 2018)
  2. Historic Centre of Lima(1988,1991) (Visited in 2018)
  3. Historical Centre of the City of Arequipa(2000) (Visited in 2018)
  4. Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu(1983) (Visited in 2018)

(41)  Chile

  1. Rapa Nui National Park(1995)  (Visited in 2018)

 

世界遺產豆知識:

1) 全世界天字第一號世界遺產在厄瓜多的外海小島,傳說中達爾文進化論生出的地方: http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1

加拉帕戈斯群島

群島地處離南美大陸1000公里的太平洋上,由19個火山島以及周圍的海域組成,被人稱作獨一無二的“活的生物進化博物館和陳列室”。加拉帕戈斯群島處於三大洋流的交匯處,是海洋生物的“大熔爐”。持續的地震和火山活動反映了群島的形成過程。這些過程,加上群島與世隔絕的地理位置,促使群島內進化出許多奇異的動物物種,例如陸生鬣蜥,巨龜和多種類型的雀類。1835年查爾斯·達爾文參觀了這片島嶼後,從中得到感悟,進而提出了著名的進化論。

2) 擁有最多世界遺產的國家(更新至2018年6月)

⓵義大利53
⓶中國52
⓷西班牙46
⓸法國43
⓸德國43
⓺印度36
⑦墨西哥34
⓼英國31
⓽俄羅斯28
⓾美國23

3) 最高的文化遺產建築:巴黎,塞納河沿岸的艾菲爾鐵塔(法國)。

4) 最早被列入世界遺產(1978)的地點 (12個)

  1. 德國 Aachen Cathedral
  2. 厄瓜多 City of Quito
  3. 波蘭 Historic Centre of Kraków
  4. 厄瓜多 Galápagos Islands
  5. 塞內加爾 Island of Gorée
  6. 加拿大 L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site
  7. 美國 Mesa Verde National Park
  8. 加拿大 Nahanni National Park
  9. 衣索比亞 Rock-Hewn Churches, Lalibela
  10. 衣索比亞 Simien National Park
  11. 波蘭 Wieliczka and Bochnia Royal Salt Mines
  12. 美國 Yellowstone National Park

 

 

 

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