[學習] 每日一字 English Vocabulary

1/28 philomath | n. 愛好學問者;研究數學者

1/4 ostentatious

豪華的;鋪張的 (人)炫耀的,賣弄的

Definition: (adjective) Intended to attract notice and impress others.
Synonyms: pretentious, showy
Usage: His ostentatious displays of wealth did nothing to impress his neighbors, who were proud of their middle-class status.

1/3bathos n. 陳腐, 矯揉造作

Definition: (noun)Insincere or grossly sentimental pathos.
Synonyms: mawkishness
Usage: The opera”s conclusion was emotional to the point of bathos, with the soprano dying heroically to save her lover.

1/2 phantasmagoric

幻想的 / 幻影似的;幻覺的 / 幽靈的

Definition: (adjective) Characterized by fantastic imagery and incongruous juxtapositions.
Synonyms: surrealistic
Usage: The phantasmagoric imagery, with melting clocks and unreal landscapes, is what attracts many to Salvador Dali”s work.

1/1 dilettante

n. (藝術等的)一知半解者;美術的愛好者;業餘愛好者
a. 淺薄的;愛好藝術的;業餘的

Definition: (noun) A dabbler in an art or a field of knowledge.
Synonyms: amateur, sciolist, dabbler
Usage: He claimed to be serious about his paintings, but he was at heart a mere dilettante.

12/31 hieratic Pronunciation

a. 神職的;神職人員用的

Definition: (adjective) Of or associated with sacred persons or offices; a cursive form of Egyptian hieroglyphics used especially by the priests; extremely formal or stylized, as in a work of art.
Synonyms: priestly, sacerdotal
Usage: The figures in Byzantine paintings are arranged in hieratic compositions, used as symbols for religious truths rather than true representations.

12/30 red herring

n. 1. 燻青魚 2. 轉移注意力的話(或事物)

Definition: (noun) Something that draws attention away from the central issue.
Synonyms: digression, diversion, deflection
Usage: The detective explained that the mysterious letter had been only a red herring, having no real connection to the crime.

12/29 intaglio Pronunciation

n. 陰刻;凹雕玉石;凹刻印刷;凹模
vt. 凹雕;凹刻

Definition: (noun) A figure or design carved into or beneath the surface of hard metal or stone; a printing process that uses an etched or engraved plate.
Synonyms: diaglyph, gravure
Usage: The intaglio print was so incredibly detailed that it almost looked like a photograph.

12/27 confabulate Pronunciation

1. 談論

2. 【心】虛談,虛構

Definition: (verb) To talk casually; in psychology, to fill in gaps in one”s memory with fabrications that one believes to be facts.
Synonyms: chat, confer, natter
Usage: Three old friends met in a café to confabulate together.

12/26dichotomy

1. 兩分;分裂;二分法
2. 叉狀分枝
3. 弦月

Definition: (noun) Division into two usually contradictory parts or opinions.
Synonyms: duality
Usage: One of the novel”s themes is the dichotomy of eastern and western culture.

12/25evangelist

1. 福音傳播者
2. (大寫)福音書的作者

Definition: (noun) Any one of the authors of the four New Testament gospel books: Matthew, Mark, Luke, or John; one who practices evangelism, especially a Protestant preacher or missionary.
Synonyms: gospeler, preacher
Usage: The medieval Bible had elaborate full-page illustrations of each of the Evangelists, done in the style of Roman author portraits.

12/20ether Pronunciation

1. 【化】乙醚;醚
2. 【物】以太[the~]
3. 【文】太空,蒼穹[the ~]

Definition: (noun) The element believed in ancient and medieval civilizations to fill all space above the sphere of the moon and to compose the stars and planets.
Synonyms: heavens, medium, quintessence
Usage: I dreamt that I rose higher and higher, until I was flying through the ether towards the stars.

12/19 Pronunciation carcass

1. (動物的)屍體
2. (除臟去頭備食用的)畜體
3. 【口】【貶】(人的)屍首;軀體
4. (車、船、房屋等的)骨架,殘骸
 

Definition: (noun) The dead body of an animal, especially one slaughtered for food.
Synonyms: body, carcase
Usage: After a few hours, the hunter returned with the carcass of a deer slung over his shoulder.

12/15jilt Pronunciation

vt. 拋棄(情人) n. 拋棄情人者(尤指女子)
 

Definition: (verb) To deceive or drop (a lover) suddenly or callously.
Synonyms: cast aside, leave
Usage: Since being jilted by his fiancl he had grown to distrust all women.

12/14 atrophy Pronunciation

n.

1. 【醫】萎縮;發育停止;虛脫
2. 【植】減縮,萎縮

vt. vi.

(使)萎縮,(使)虛脫

Definition: (noun) A wasting or decrease in size of a body organ, tissue, or part owing to disease, injury, or lack of use
Synonyms: wasting away, wasting
Usage: Sheila suffered from muscular atrophy and was confined to a wheelchair.

12/13 detriment Pronunciation (n.) 損害,損傷;不利,有害

Definition: (noun) Damage, harm, or loss.
Synonyms: expense, hurt, impairment
Usage: Her employers were understanding, and she was able to take a long leave of absence without detriment to her career.

12/12 mercantilePronunciation (a.)商業的,商人的

Definition: (adjective) Of or relating to merchants or trade.
Synonyms: moneymaking, commercial
Usage: While the nation”s farmers faced a depression, mercantile enterprises flourished.

12/11 thither Pronunciation

Definition: (adverb) To or toward that place.
Synonyms: there
Usage: The bell has a tone that is wondrous sweet; let us stroll thither, and examine the matter nearer.

12/10 (caper) 跳躍 (vi.)雀躍,蹦跳

Definition: (noun) A playful leap or hop; a frivolous escapade or prank.
Synonyms: antic, frolic, romp
Usage: The child”s playfulness was amusing at first, but they soon grew tired of his capers.

12/9 (contretemps)

n. 意外事故,不合適宜,令人尷尬的事,不幸的
[法] 不幸的意外事故;令人尷尬的事
[音] 切分音法

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