[Bali2007] 巴里島的農曆新年 Nyepi Day 安寧日

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去到巴里島,這樣的場景是非常熟悉的。雞蛋花迎賓花環,有四條分別套在四人脖子上,後來大家大概覺得很好笑,所以把花環全部丟在小朋以的脖子上,小朋友負責戴就好。


從桃園的
18度到巴里島的30度,一開始還有點吃不消。還好外面只有罩著一件運動外套,裡面是短袖衣服,一到巴里島我就受不了,趕緊把外套給脫了。


華航自由行接機的車子帶我們直接前往日航飯店
(Nikko
Bali Resort & SPA),這一天是安寧日的前一天下午,路上的行人也不多,想必是為格一天的安寧日做準備吧?!接機會說中文的華人跟我們說隔天安寧日的大概情況,還問我們需不需要順便去一下超級市場。原本就在行程中的超市採買,就在熱心的接機人員提議下順利進行。

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說來有點丟臉,我覺得巴里島的路比台灣很多地方都還優!
至少沒有路上人孔蓋,也不會坑坑巴巴。

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現在的機車騎士大多會戴上安全帽了,以前比較少~

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街頭的網路服務看板,用慣了台灣的網路,到巴里島恐怕還是會不習慣吧?!

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這是巴里島機場附近最有名的海神石雕

Nyepi day 巴里島的安寧日,也就是在 saka農曆上的新年。我們這次去巴里島剛好遇到了這一天特別的節日,有一些經驗可以分享。2007年的安寧日剛好在我們抵達巴里島的第二天(2007/3/19)
而我們也真的如同安寧日中所希望人們待在家裡與家人共渡的意義一樣,過了一個在巴里島的新年安寧日。

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我找了關於安寧日的資料給大家參考看看:

巴里島每隔280天,要過一個安寧日
。每一村落都要用紙紮一隻魔鬼,安寧日的前一晚,各村莊的青少年,合力將魔鬼抬到指定地點比賽,比賽完後,要在午夜12點之前,抬到海邊火化,象徵將魔鬼消滅了。

從凌晨12點到隔天凌晨12點,安寧日當天24小時,所有的人都不能外出,甚至連國際航班都停止起降,各家門戶緊閉,且不能透光,旅客只能待在飯店裡,那裡都不能去,充份享受飯店的設施與一天的寧靜。(2007年安寧日是3月19日)

如果不想看英文版的,可以看下面TSUBASA的中文版。

TSUBASA 的台東苦悶筆記:在巴里島過年

 

NYEPI DAY 19 MARCH 2007

Nyepi day is one of the biggest and
most important Balinese religious days held once in a
year. There are some sequences ceremonies in Nyepi day.


melastiMelasti
or Mekiyis or Melis
Melasti is the first sequences and it is held
three or four days before Nyepi (silent day) and aimed
to clean the nature with its content and also to take
the Amerta (holy water) from the ocean or other water
resources (i.e. lake, river, etc). On this interesting
occasion, all the effigies of the Gods from all the
village temples are taken to the river in long and
colorful ceremonies. There, they have are bathed by the
Neptune of the Balinese Lord, the God Baruna, before
being taken back home to their shrines. Several communal
prayers will also be held until the last evening before
the Nyepi day.


ogoh-ogohTawur
Kesanga (The day before Nyepi)
It is the second sequences and held exactly one
day before Nyepi. All villages in Bali hold a large
exorcism ceremony at the main village cross road, the
meeting place of demons.

The remarkable event on this day is
Ogoh Ogoh. It is a fantastic monster or evil spirits by
Bhuta Kala made by Bamboo with colorful paper and
symbolize the evil spirits surrounding the environment
which have to be got rid off from our lives. In order to
make a harmonic relation between human being and God,
human and human, and human and their environments, Tawur
Kesanga is performed in every level of society, from the
people”s house. In the evening, the Hindus celebrating
Ngerupuk, start making noises and light burning torches
and set fire to the Ogoh-ogoh in order to get the Bhuta
Kala, evil spirits, out of our lives.


tanah lotThe
Nyepi Day, the silence day
Nyepi, comes from the word Bahasa ‘sepi’ is as
its meaning ‘quite’ and it is the peak of the festive.
According to the Balinese calendar, this year, Nyepi Day
falls on March 19, 2006. In the caka calendar, it is
1929. The activities in entire over Bali Island are
stopped for 24 hours. There are four mandatory religious
prohibitions called Catur Brata Penyepian that should be
followed by common Hindu people in Bali. The
prohibitions include amati geni or no fire, amati karya
or no work, amati lelanguan or no entertainment and
pleasure, and amati lelungan or no travelling. These
prohibitions help people to control their five earthy
senses by mind and wisdom in order to increase the
quality of life for the upcoming year. For people with
higher spiritual ability or willing to have higher
spiritual life are expected to perform further
prohibitions include fasting by not eating or drinking,
stay still by not talking, meditating by focusing the
mind to the God and praying. For the hospital industry
such as hotel or villas, they are in service but no
outdoor activities are allowed and the guests are asked
to stay inside the hotel.


ulundanuNgembak
Geni, a day of forgiveness
The anti-climax of Nyepi day is on the
following day and when the Berata Penyepian is over.
This day is called Ngembak Geni where people share
happiness by visiting their relatives and friend. The
New Year is started by forgiving each other and forget
the hate in the past year and work together to face the
challenge of the New Year. Only a simple ritual rite is
performed within the house compound for this day.
However, various cakes will be made to welcome the visit
of relatives and friends.

 

 

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1 thought on “[Bali2007] 巴里島的農曆新年 Nyepi Day 安寧日”

  1. 請問安寧日時,可以走到日航的沙灘嗎? 今年預計 3/30~4/1 住日航,剛好在3/31 住在日航飯店。

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